#1. What are the principles of communicating with a patient with delirium?
#2. Which of the following indicates signs of severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease (COPD)?
#3. After the suicide of her best friend Marry feels a sense of guilt, shame and anger because she had not answered the phone when her friend called shortly before her death. Which of the following statements is the most accurate when talking about Mary’s feelings?
#4. If the prescribed volume is taken, which of the following types of feed will provide all protein, vitamins, minerals and trace elements to meet a patient's nutritional requirements?
#5. What does ‘muscle atrophy’ mean?
#6. Severe bleeding is best characterised by:
#7. Who is responsible for the strict disposal of sharps?
#8. In what instances shouldn't you position a patient in a side-lying position?
#9. Mr Khan, is visiting his son in London when he was admitted in accident and emergency due to abdominal pain. Mr. Khan is from Pakistan and does not speak the English language. As his nurse, what is your best action:
#10. In the UK, safeguarding is the responsibility of:
#11. Missy is 23 years old and looking forward to being married the following day. Missy’s mother feels happy that her daughter is starting a new phase in her life but is feeling a little bit sad as well. When talking to Missy’s mother you would explain this feeling to her as a sign of what?
#12. Which behaviours will encourage a patient to talk about their concerns?
#13. Which of the following is a potential complication of putting an oropharyngeal airway adjunct:
#14. Which of the following techniques is advisable when obtaining a urine specimen in order to minimize the contamination of a specimen?
#15. On removing your patient's catheter, what should you encourage your patient to do?
#16. Mrs. Smith is receiving blood transfusion after a total hip replacement operation. After 15 minutes, you went back to check her vital signs and she complained of high temperature and loin pain. This may indicate:
#17. Which of the following would indicate an infection?
#18. What would you do if a patient with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy requires assistance cutting his toe nails?
#19. A patient is agitated and is unable to settle. She is also finding it difficult to sleep, reporting that she is in pain. What would you do at this point?
#20. In doing neurological assessment, AVPU means:
#21. Which behaviours will encourage a patient to talk about their concerns?
#22. What should be included in your initial assessment of your patient's respiratory status?
#23. What should be included in a prescription for oxygen therapy?
#24. What percentage of patients in hospital in England, at the time of the 2011 National Prevalence survey, had an infection?
#25. What specifically do you need to monitor to avoid complications and ensure optimal nutritional status in patients being enterally fed?
#26. Fred is going to receive a blood transfusion. How frequently should we do his observations?
#27. All individuals providing nursing care must be competent at which of the following procedures?
#28. When carrying out a catheterization, on which patients would you use anaesthetic lubricating gel prior to catheter insertion?
#29. Joshua, son of Breid went to the station to see the nurse as she was complaining of severe pain on her pressure ulcer. What will be your initial action?
#30. The correct management of an adult patient in ventricular fibrillation (VF) cardiac arrest includes:
#31. Jenny was admitted to your ward with severe bleeding after 48 hours following her labour. What stage of post partum haemorrhage is she experiencing?
#32. Dehydration is of particular concern in ill health. If a patient is receiving intravenous (IV) fluid replacement and is having their fluid balance recorded, which of the following statements is true of someone said to be in a ‘positive fluid balance’?
#33. Which of the following is NOT an example of non-verbal communication?
#34. When communicating with someone who isn't a native English speaker, which of the following is advisable?
#35. Breid, 76 years old, developed a pressure ulcer whilst under your care. On assessment, you saw some loss of dermis, with visible redness, but not sloughing off. Her pressure ulcer can be categorised as:
#36. The following are qualities of a good leader, except:
#37. John, 18 years old is for discharge and will require further dose of oral antibiotics. As his nurse, which of the following will you advise him to do?
#38. John is also prescribed some medications for his Gout. Which of the following health teaching will you advise him to do?
#39. What infection is thought to be caused by prions?
#40. While having lunch at the cafeteria, your co-worker suddenly collapsed. As a nurse, what would you do
#41. On which step of the WHO analgesic ladder would you place tramadol and codeine?
#42. Your patient has bronchitis and has difficulty in clearing his chest. What position would help to maximize the drainage of secretions?
#43. In hospitalised patients:
#44. What is the difference between denial and collusion?
#45. Approximately how long is the spinal cord in an adult?
#46. What do you need to consider when helping a patient with shortness of breath sit out in a chair?
#47. As an infection prevention and control protocol, linens soiled with infectious bodily fluids should be disposed of in what means?
#48. Clinical audit is best described as:
#49. When positioning the supine patient in bed, why should you ensure the patient is lying centrally in the bed?
#50. On removing your patient's catheter, what should you encourage your patient to do?
#51. Barbara, an elderly patient with dementia, wishes to go out of the hospital. What will be you appropriate action?
#52. Sue’s passed away. Sue handled this death by crying and withdrawing from friend and family. As A nurse you would notice that sue’s intensified grief is most likely a sign of which type of grief?
#53. What is the best way to prevent a patient who is receiving an enteral feed from aspirating?
#54. Dehydration is of particular concern in ill heath. If a patient is receiving intravenous (IV) fluid replacement and is having their fluid balance recorded, which of the following statements is true of someone said to be in a ‘positive fluid balance'?
#55. The night after an exploratory laparotomy, a patient who has a nasogastric tube attached to low suction reports nausea. A nurse should take which of the following actions first?
#56. National Early Warning Scoring systems:
#57. Which of the following are barriers to effective communication?
#58. Your patient has a bulky oesophageal tumour and is waiting for surgery. When he tries to eat, food gets stuck and gives him heartburn. What is the most likely route that will be chosen to provide him with the nutritional support he needs?
#59. Which is not a stage in the Tuckman Theory of contingency?
#60. According to Argyle (1988), when two people communicate what percentage of what is communicated is actually in the words spoken?
#61. When communicating with someone who isn't a native English speaker, which of the following is NOT advisable?
#62. What action would you take if a specimen had a biohazard sticker on it?
#63. What is the best way to prevent a patient who is receiving an enteral feed from aspirating?
#64. If you were explaining anxiety to a patient, what would be the main points to include?
#65. What law or law(s) should be taken into consideration when a patient has hearing difficulties and would need hearing aids?
#66. Which of the following population group is at risk of developing cardiovascular disease?
#67. What would be your main objectives in providing stomaeducation when preparing a patient with a stoma for discharge home?
#68. Your patient has undergone a formation of a loop colostomy. What important considerations should be borne in mind when selecting an appropriate stoma appliance for your patient?
#69. Which of these is an example of an open question?
#70. What is the most important guiding principle when choosing the correct size of catheter?
#71. Which of the following is an average heart rate of a 1-2 year old child?
#72. Adam, 46 years old is of Jewish descent. As his nurse, how will you plan his dietary needs?
#73. What is the most important guiding principle when choosing the correct size of catheter?
#74. Apatient needs weighing, as he is due a drug that is calculated on bodyweight. He experiences a lot of pain on movement so is reluctant to move, particularly stand up. What would you do?
#75. A patient has been admitted for nutritional support and started receiving a hyperosmolar feed yesterday. He presents with diarrhoea but has no pyrexia. What is likely to be the cause?
#76. What factors are essential in demonstrating supportive communication to patients?
#77. Jim is to receive his eyedrops after his cataract operation. What is the best position for Jim to assume when instilling the eyedrops?
#78. Which of the following is a behavioural risk factor when assessing the potential risks of falling in an older person?
#79. In reporting contagious diseases, which of the following will need attention at national level:
#80. How do the structures of the human body work together to provide support and assist in movement?
#81. Mrs Jones has had a cerebral vascular accident, so her left leg is increasing tone, very stiff and difficult to position comfortably when she is in bed. What would you do?
#82. The current Chief Nursing Officer of England called for all nurses to be care- makers and encouraged to embed the 6 Cs in their practice. 6 Cs mean:
#83. Perdue categorizes constipation as primary, secondary or iatrogenic. What could be some of the causes of iatrogenic constipation?
#84. The term gavage indicates
#85. A patient is admitted to the ward with symptoms of acute diarrhoea. What should your initial management be?
#86. What factors are essential in demonstrating supportive communication to patients?
#87. Joy, a COPD patient is to be discharged in the community. As her nurse, which of the following interventions will you encourage him to do to prevent progression of disease.
#88. What are the principles of positioning a urine drainage bag?
#89. Which of the following nursing theorists developed a conceptual model based on the belief that all persons should strive to achieve self-care?
#90. When should a penile sheath be considered as a means of managing incontinence?
#91. Why should healthcare professionals take extra care when washing and drying an elderly patient's skin? As the older generation deserve more respect and tender loving care (TLC).
#92. After the handover, you noticed that the outgoing nurse documented an intervention on a wrong patient chart. What should you do to correct it, maintain safety and continuation of care?
#93. During cardiopulmonary resuscitation:
#94. When carrying out a catheterization, on which patients would you use anaesthetic lubricating gel prior to catheter insertion?
#95. What type of diet would you recommend to your patient who has a newly formed stoma?
#96. When doing your shift assessment, one of your patient has a waterlow score of 20. Which of the following mattress is appropriate for this score?
#97. Which check do you need to carry out before setting up an enteral feed via a nasogastric tube?
#98. What are the most common effects of inactivity?